- tolerates droughty soil
- requires well-drained soil
- tolerates damp soil
- requires high fertility
Once established, tolerates dry soils (for example, under trees where moisture competition is high), but prefers moist soil.
- Tolerates dry sites under trees once established, but prefers moist areas.
0.5 to 1 feet
0.75 to 1.5 feet
Keeps spreading by rhizomes.
All red, or a mixture of red and yellow on the same flower.
New leaves are red and turn red again in fall. Semi-evergreen foliage is usually bronze in winter.
- cushion, mound or clump
- spreading mass
Shape in flower:
flower stalks with flowers hanging downward
Pendulous blooms borne on erect, branched flower stems.
- deer resistant
- not native to North America
- Hybrid with European and Japanese parents.