Growing Guide
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European Winter Aconite

Spring-Flowering Bulb

Eranthis hyemalis
Ranunculaceae Family
Synonym: Eranthus cilicicus

One of the first flowers to bloom in the spring, European Winter Aconite bears cheerful yellow blooms above ruffs of attractive green foliage. It is best suited to mass plantings in naturalized settings.

Site Characteristics
  • part shade

Soil conditions:

  • requires well-drained soil
Prefers rich, moist but well-drained soil.

Hardiness zones:

  • 4 to 9
Plant Traits

Lifecycle: perennial

Ease-of-care: easy

Height: 0.25 to 0.5 feet

Spread: 0.1 to 0.25 feet

Bloom time: early spring

One of the first bulbs to bloom in spring.

Flower color: yellow

Blooms are vivid yellow and shiny.

Foliage color: medium green

Foliage texture: medium

Leaves form a ruff around the base of the flower.

Shape: upright

Shape in flower: same as above

Blooms are borne above the foliage, but they are nearly stemless.

Special Considerations
Special characteristics:
  • deer resistant
  • non-aggressive
  • non-invasive
  • not native to North America - Native to southern Europe.
  • fragrant - Blooms have a sweet, honey-like scent.
Special uses:
  • naturalistic garden
Growing Information
How to plant:

Propagate by division or separation - Divide after flowering has ceased, but while the leaves are still present.

Maintenance and care:
Plant fresh tubers after flowering in the spring. If dried tubers are to be used (purchased in the fall), soak them overnight in water or place them in moist peat moss for 3 to 4 days before planting. Plant the tubers 1 to 2" beneath the soil surface.

More growing information: How to Grow Bulbs