Browse lettuce varieties at our Vegetable Varieties for Gardeners website.
There are five main types of lettuce:
(var. crispa) - Easy to grow. Matures quickly. You can start harvesting
leaves as soon as 4 weeks after planting. Great for early-season
plantings. Wide variety of leaf shapes and colors. 45 to 60 days to
Butterhead (bib, loosehead, Boston) -
Exceptionally good flavor and quality. Forms loose
heads with oily leaves. 55 to 75 days to maturity.
(Cos, var. longfolia) - Upright, elongated heads. (Some grow nearly 2
feet tall.) More tolerant of warm weather and less likely to bolt than
other lettuce types. Red varieties as well as traditional light green.
Most take about 70 days to mature.
French (summer crisp) -
Midway between butterhead and crisphead. You can
harvest early like leaf lettuce or wait until heads
form. 50 to 75 days.
var. capitata) - The familiar spherical heads found in grocery stores.
Most difficult varieties to grow. Requires long cool season. Best
chance of success is by setting out transplants in early spring. Will
bolt quickly in response to stress. 75 or more days.
Choose slow-bolting varieties for later plantings that may encounter hot weather.
Some varieties recommended for New York include:
Black Seeded Simpson
New Red Fire
Valmaine (a.k.a Paris White or Valmaine Savoy)
Great Lakes (Fall)