Germination temperature: 40 F to 85 F
- Optimum around 75 F.
Days to emergence: 9 to 13
- 9 days when soil is 60 F. 13 days at 50 F. May take as long as 4 to 5 weeks at 40 F.
Seed can be saved 3 years.
Sow seed in spring as soon as you can work the soil - as early as late
March or early April depending on how quickly the soil warms and dries.
Peas planted in cold soil (40 F) are slow to germinate. Later plantings
made when the soil is warmer (60 F or more) often catch up quickly with
earlier plantings. Use raised beds if your soil is slow to drain.
additional plantings through early- to mid- May, or plant varieties
with different maturity dates to increase the harvest period.
seeds 1 to 2 inches deep, 1 to 4 inches apart in rows 18 inches apart.
Or sow about 1 inch apart in a 3-inch-wide band (about 25 seeds per
foot). Shallow planting is best when soils are cool
and wet. Plant deeper if soil is dry. A quick way to seed is to make a
furrow or trench with a hoe, place seed in the furrow, cover and firm.
Do not thin.
Erect trellis for tall-growing, vining types at
planting using chicken wire, brush or other suitable trellis material.
If trellising, increase row spacing to 4 to 6 feet.
Keep soil moist, but avoid heavy watering during flowering, which can interfere with pollination.
peas with fast-growing cool-season crops such as spinach or radishes.
After final harvest, follow with late squash plantings or
fall-harvested cool-season crops such as broccoli, leeks or potatoes.
fall crops about 8 to 10 weeks before first frost date. Fall crops can
be disappointing if hot weather persists. Powdery-mildew-resistant
varieties are best for fall crops.
Do not use high-nitrogen
fertilizers. Too much nitrogen will result in lush foliage but poor
flowering and fruiting. Inoculation with rhizobia bacteria may be
beneficial if peas have not been grown in the past.
Do not plant
peas in the same place more than once in every 4 years. Avoid planting
where in places where peas have suffered before from root rot.
Seed decay and seedling root rot - Locate new plants in a part of the
garden different from previous year's location. Plant as early as
possible. Improve soil drainage.
- Locate new plants in a part of the garden different from previous
year's location. Plant as early as possible. Improve soil drainage
mildew - Avoid wetting foliage if possible. Water early in the day so
aboveground plant parts will dry as quickly as possible. Avoid crowding
plants. Space apart to allow air circulation. Eliminate weeds around
plants and garden area to improve air circulation. Practice plant
sanitation. When plants are not wet, carefully remove and destroy or
discard affected plant parts. In autumn, rake and dispose of all fallen
or diseased leaves and fruit.