Growing Guide
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Solomon's Seal, Small

Herbaceous Perennial Flower, Wildflower

Polygonatum biflorum
Liliaceae Family

This shade-loving native perennial is grown mainly for its arching form, ribbed foliage, rows of small, bell-like, white flowers and blue-black fruit.

Site Characteristics
  • full shade

Soil conditions:

  • tolerates droughty soil
  • tolerates damp soil
Prefers cool, moist soil. Tolerates droughty soil under trees once established.

Hardiness zones:

  • 3 to 8
Plant Traits

Lifecycle: perennial

Ease-of-care: easy

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 1 to 2 feet

Rhizomes spread to form colonies of plants.

Bloom time: late spring

Flower color: other


Foliage color:

  • medium green
  • dark green
  • variegated

'Variegatum' has variegated leaves.

Foliage texture: medium

Rows of ribbed 3-4" leaves.

Shape: herbaceous: other

Stems are gracefully arching.

Shape in flower: same as above

Flowers are small bells that hang beneath the foliage.

Special Considerations
Special characteristics:
  • deer resistant
  • non-aggressive
  • non-invasive
  • native to North America - Eastern North America
  • bears ornamental fruit - Berries are bluish-black and last into fall.
Growing Information
How to plant:

Propagate by seed, division or separation - Division is easiest method. Divide in spring. Make sure several each division has several growing points. Seeds need stratification (cold treatment) to germinate.

Maintenance and care:
Mulch to keep the soil cooler in the summer months. Seldom needs division. Divide in spring.

More growing information: How to Grow Perennials

'Variegatum' has variegated foliage which is attractive in flower arrangements.