Growing Guide
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Lilyturf, Creeping

Herbaceous Perennial Flower, Ground Cover

Liriope spicata
Liliaceae Family

This tough, cold hardy (to Zone 4), spreading, semi-evergreen groundcover forms dense mats of grass-like plants topped with pale-purple flowers on violet-brown stems. Can protect soil from erosion in full shade or full sun, but is too aggressive for border plantings.

Site Characteristics
  • full sun
  • part shade
  • full shade
Light shade is optimal.

Soil conditions:

  • tolerates acid soil
  • tolerates droughty soil
  • requires well-drained soil
  • tolerates damp soil
Prefers moist soil but well-drained soil. Prefers acidic soil.

Hardiness zones:

  • 4 to 10

Special locations:

  • xeriscapes
Plant Traits

Lifecycle: perennial

Ease-of-care: easy

Height: 0.75 to 1 feet

Spread: 0.75 to 1.5 feet

Spreads indefinitely.

Bloom time:

  • late summer
  • early fall

Flower color:

  • violet
  • white

Pale purple to white.

Foliage color: dark green

Foliage texture: medium

Leaves are linear, grass-like.

Shape: grass-like

Shape in flower: flower stalks with upright spikes

3-inch spikes held above the foliage.

Special Considerations
Special characteristics:
  • aggressive - Spreads by rhizomes and crowds out other plants.
  • non-invasive
  • not native to North America - Native to Japan and China
  • evergreen - Foliage usually suffers a good deal of damage in winter.
  • bears ornamental fruit - Berry-like fruit persists into fall and early winter.
Growing Information
How to plant:

Propagate by division or separation - Easily divided in spring.

Maintenance and care:
Mow foliage in the spring to encourage new, fresh growth.

Tolerates root competition from trees. A good choice to use for erosion control in dry, shady areas.

More growing information: How to Grow Perennials

Big blue lilyturf (Liriope muscari) is a related species favored in warmer areas. It is hardy in Zones 6 to 10.